Global health is defined as the area of study, research, and practise that places a priority on improving health and achieving equity in health for all people worldwide. Problems that cross-national borders or have global political and economic ramifications are frequently highlighted. It encompasses the study, research, and practise of medicine with a goal of increasing global health and health care equity. Epidemiology, sociology, economic inequality, public policy, environmental variables, cultural studies, and other disciplines are all considered in global health initiatives. International health should not be confused with global health. Global health can be quantified in terms of several global diseases, their prevalence around the world, and the threat they pose to life expectancy today.