In all matters relating to the reproductive system, good sexual and reproductive health is a condition of complete physical, mental, and social well-being. It indicates that people have the ability to have a satisfying and safe sexual life, as well as the ability to reproduce and the freedom to choose if, when, and how often to do so. From childhood to old age, reproductive health is a concern for both women and men. Sexual and reproductive health is a major public health concern, even in times of emergency. The timely provision of healthcare services before and during emergencies can avert a variety of negative outcomes. Gender-based violence, including sexual assault, and a lack of effective reproductive health services (including contraception and comprehensive abortion care) can contribute to a variety of detrimental effects including maternal and neonatal death, trauma. Sexually transmitted diseases, HIV transmission, unwanted pregnancies, and unsafe abortions are all issues that need to be addressed.