Clinical trials are research studies that are used to assess the effectiveness of a medicinal, surgical, or behavioural intervention. They are the most common technique for researchers to determine whether a novel treatment, such as a new medicine, diet, or medical equipment (such as a pacemaker), is safe and effective in humans. A clinical trial is frequently performed to determine whether a new treatment is more successful than the current treatment and/or has fewer negative side effects.
Clinical research is a branch of medicine that regulates the safety and efficacy of drugs, diagnostic tests, technologies, and treatment regimens that are intended for human use. Clinical research is human-centred medical research It refers to studies conducted on healthy or ill people. Treatment research, epidemiological studies, diagnostic research, and so on are all examples of clinical research.