Title : Malaria prevention knowledge, attitudes, and practices among adults in Almusalamyah, 2022-2023
Background: In Sudan, malaria is a major public health issue and a leading cause of death. It results in more than 400,000 fatalities annually throughout the world. The majority of fatalities affected infants and other high-risk populations, Communities in various countries have diverse levels of knowledge of malaria specifically in Sudan. Use of insecticide-treated nets is a key malaria vector control method and prevention.
Methods: It was cross sectional community based study conducted in AL_ Musalamia region. In AL-Gazeira state in 2022.Convience sampling was conducted use four section questionnaire, analysis done by SPSS (version 28)
Results: Regarding socio-demographic data, 71% of participants were females. Most of participants were of secondary level of education. Majority of household were five in number. Representation of the age of the participants was 32.79±19.725. Almost all of the participants heard of Malaria, 96.7% of the participants dictated that mosquito bite is the cause of the Malaria plus other things they mention. 60% of the participants were exposed to Malaria in last six months. The majority have bed-nets at their homes. 76% of house-holds were exposed to Malaria in the last six months. 86.7% of those who reported Malaria in previous two weeks reported also they tested for Malaria and 96.4% were tested positive. No significant difference between level of education and the attitude. Regarding the association between Gender and practice, females tended to have good practice more than males.
Conclusion: There was good knowledge and almost all of the participants heard of Malaria. And the most of participants knew it is transmitted by mosquito bite and can be prevented by mosquito net as the only common preventive method they knew. There were no significant difference between level of education and the attitude. Even though, females had better practice than males. There was an appreciated gap between attitude and practice among males and females equally. Overall, knowledge and attitude were good, but practice needs to be improved.