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3rd Edition of

International Public Health Conference

March 21-23, 2024 | Singapore

IPHC 2022

Sandhya Rani

Speaker at Public Health Conference 2022 - Sandhya Rani

Title : Prevalence of hypertension and its associated risk factors in Jagdalpur, Bastar District, Chhattisgarh


Introduction: Hypertension is an important public health challenge in both developing and developed countries. Studies have shown that tribal populations in India are also experiencing this transition. The prevalence of hypertension in adults increased over the past 25 years from 12-17%.The prevalence of hypertension is increasing due to lack of awareness among people of Jagdalpur.Significant number of individuals with hypertension was unaware of their condition. The main objective of this study was to assess the prevalence of hypertension and its associated risk factors among people of Jagdalpur.Tobacco chewing and tobacco smoking, physical inactivity, body mass index were common risk factors. Blood pressure (BP) is leading modifiable risk factor for morbidity and mortality worldwide. Method: It’s an observational study design, done at shaheed Mahindra karma memorial govt. hospital, dimrapal from Des 2020 to Nov 2021.Study population was 1550. All the data were extracted by using a standardized protocol and data collection form. Case sheets and records were used and also undertook a detailed literature search with full assessment of relevant articles by searching the following databases: Google Scholar, Medline and Embase.Hypertension is defined as systolic blood pressure (BP) of atleast 140mm Hg and diastolic blood pressure of at least 90 mm Hg was considered. Result: The reported prevalence of hypertension in tribal populations varied from 10% to 55.5% in different regions and states of India. The prevalence of hypertension in males was higher than females. Increasing age, tobacco chewing and tobacco smoking, physical inactivity, body mass index, diabetes and extra salt intake were common risk factors. Awareness of hypertension was reported 46%. Conclusion: The prevalence of hypertension was high in Jagdalpur Bastar district Chhattisgarh. Measures are required at the population level to prevent the development of hypertension and to improve awareness and treatment in the community. There is need for comprehensive health promotion programs to encourage life style modification and preventive measures to control the problem.