Title : Monitoring the Pevalence of Non-communicable Diseases through GIS Mapping and its Association with Human Development Index: A Global Perspective
From a long period of time, the entire world is endeavoring for the advancement of public health. Nevertheless, premature deaths on account of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) have turned out to be the prime cause of terrible angst globally. Sustainable Development Goals-2015 has set a target that by 2030, premature deaths from NCDs should be reduced by one-third. The present study seeks to investigate the status of changes in the prevalence of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) at global level through GIS mapping and whether there is any relationship of NCDs prevalence with Human Development Index (HDI) or not. According to World Health Organization (WHO), in 2016, out of 56.9 million global deaths 40.5 million (71%) were due to NCDs where cardiovascular diseases account for most deaths (17.9 million or 44.2%) followed by cancer (9 million or 22.2%), chronic respiratory diseases (3.8 million or 9.4%), diabetes (1.6 million or 4%) and other NCDs (8.2 million or 20.2%). Previous estimates accomplished in 2011 and 2014 reflect an increasing propensity of mortality due to NCDs. It is also found from the study that countries with lower HDI assert less causality by NCDs in comparison to countries with higher HDI and reflects a strongly positive relationship (R2=0.76) between HDI and NCDs mortality. In order to control the premature deaths due to NCDs, a proper surveillance system like ‘STEPS’ followed by WHO, is necessary along with follow-up on a regular basis.